Last Update: July 2nd, 1997 Comments or Suggestions? email@example.com
to features like high quality real time graphics and soft tissue simulation
the software system KISMET (Kinematic
Simulation, Monitoring and Off-Line Programming Environment for Telerobotics)
is a very suitable system for medical
applications like surgical instrument design supprt, operator console
design, surgical animation, surgical planning, endoscopic training and
data visualisation. A great effort has been made in achieving a highly
realistic imitation of soft tissues, organs and vessels leading to a system
of so called deformable
objects. The realistic simulation of interaction between deformable
objects and instruments in real time is possible. Typical surgical tasks
like grasping, cutting, coagulation and setting of clips have been implemented.
We have introduced algorithms and interfaces to our Virtual Rality system KISMET to provide force feedback especially needed for surgical simulators such as the Karlsruhe Endoscopic Surgery Trainer. Information about our special designed Haptic interface to enhance our training system can be found here (Force Feedback for the Karlsruhe Endoscopic Surgery Trainer).
For other medical applications we use the PHANToM
Haptic Interface from SensAble Technologies,
Inc. which has been connected to our system enabling the user to feel
the sensation of interaction between virtual instruments and soft tissue
or rigid bodies.
Currently we are developing a haptic interaction method for exploring volume datasets which combines volume rendering and force feedback. The picture on the left shows a KISMET simulation combining a CAD-type model of a needle insertion manipulator for stereotactic neurosurgery, a CAD-type model of the patients head and a MR-data set. (Click on the image to get a full screen view!).
By controlling the first 5 degrees of freedom the manipualtor (X-, Y- and Z-axis for positioning; latitude angle and rotation angle for orientation) the user puts the tip of the needle to a desired position/orientation.
By controlling the insertion of the virtual needle using the PHANToM the user feels the haptic sensation of the virtual biopsy.
More information about KISMET's
capabilities on the field of fast and accurate Volume Visualization can
be found at "The
KISMET Volume Visualization Page".
Institut für angewandte Informatik (IAI)